The Most Useful Mac Keyboard Shortcuts to Know

If a Mac is your go-to device for working online, it’s a good idea to learn a few of its keyboard shortcuts for managing your desktop. To help you discover and memorize the most essential macOS shortcuts, we’ve compiled them into a cheat sheet below.

The cheat sheet contains key combinations for taking screenshots, managing boot modes and shutdown routines, and working with Finder. You’ll also find shortcuts for managing windows, force-quitting apps, emptying the Trash folder, and more.

FREE DOWNLOAD: This cheat sheet is available as a downloadable PDF from our distribution partner, TradePub. You will have to complete a short form to access it for the first time only. Download Essential Keyboard Shortcuts for Mac.

Essential Keyboard Shortcuts for Mac

Shortcut Action
Startup Shortcuts
D Boot to Apple Diagnostics
N Boot from a network server
T Boot in Target Disk Mode
Shift Boot in Safe Mode
Cmd + R Boot to macOS Recovery
Option + Cmd + R Boot to macOS Recovery over the internet
Cmd + S Boot in Single-User Mode
Cmd + V Boot in Verbose Mode
Option Boot to Startup Manager, to pick other startup disks if available
Cmd + Option + P + R Reset NVRAM or PRAM
F12 Eject removable media
Global Shortcuts
Shift + Cmd + 3 Take screenshot of entire screen
Shift + Cmd + 4 Take screenshot of selected area
Shift + Cmd + 4, then Space Take screenshot of selected window
Cmd + A Select all
Cmd + F Find
Cmd + H Hide current window
Option + Cmd + H Hide all other windows
Cmd + M Minimize current window
Option + Cmd + M Minimize all windows
Cmd + W Close current window
Option + Cmd + W Close all windows
Cmd + O Open
Cmd + P Print
Cmd + S Save
Cmd + C Copy
Cmd + V Paste (copy)
Option + Cmd + V Paste (cut) i.e. move copied item to current location
Shift + Option + Cmd + V Paste and match style
Cmd + Z Undo
Cmd + ? Help
Cmd + , (Comma) Open Preferences for current app
Cmd + Space Open Spotlight search
Cmd + Tab Switch to the next open app
Cmd + ~ (Tilde) Switch to the next window in the current app
Control + Cmd + Q Lock the screen
Shift + Cmd + Q Log out
Option + Shift + Cmd + Q Log out instantly
Cmd + Option + Esc Force quit
Cmd + Option + Eject Activate Sleep mode
Shift + Control + Eject Put display(s) to sleep
Cmd + Control + Eject Quit all apps and restart
Control + Eject Choose from Sleep, Restart, and Shutdown options
Finder Shortcuts
Enter Rename selected file or folder
Space Open preview of selected file
Option + Space Open preview of selected file in fullscreen mode
Shift + Cmd + G Go to folder…
Shift + Cmd + N Create new folder
Shift + Cmd + Delete Empty the Trash folder
Option + Shift + Cmd + Delete Empty the Trash folder immediately
Cmd + 1 Icon View
Cmd + 2 List View
Cmd + 3 Column View
Cmd + D Duplicate selected file or folder
Cmd + I Get info
Cmd + J View options
Cmd + N Open new Finder window
Cmd + T Open new Finder tab
Cmd + [ Back
Cmd + ] Forward
Cmd + Delete Move selected item(s) to Trash
Cmd + Up Move up one folder
Cmd + Down Move down one folder
Cmd + Option + I Show Attributes Inspector
Cmd + Control + N With files selected, create a new folder and immediately move selected files into that folder

More Ways to Boost Your macOS Workflow

We also have another cheat sheet specifically for Mac Finder shortcuts







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and how to smartly navigate Mac with Magic Mouse







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. If you use Microsoft Office, we’ve rounded up a ton of Microsoft Office for Mac shortcuts







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too. Looking for even more ways to be productive on your computer? Check out how to replicate Siri shortcuts on your Mac.

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